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White bowl full of steamed mussels with fennel and onion.

Steamed Mussels

  • Author: Sloan
  • Total Time: 35 minutes
  • Yield: 4 servings 1x
  • Diet: Gluten Free


Steamed mussels make a quick and easy date night style meal. This recipe only requires one pot and will impress your guest or loved ones. The post includes instructions for buying and cleaning mussels as well as storage.


Units Scale
  • 2lbs Mussels - Cleaned
  • 2 tablespoons Olive Oil
  • 1 Fennel Bulb - thinly sliced
  • 1 small White Onion - thinly sliced
  • 2 cloves Garlic - chopped
  • 1/2 - 1 teaspoon Crushed Red Pepper {or our custom spice blend Cry Baby Spice Blend} - Optional
  • 1 cup White Wine or Stock {vegetable or seafood}
  • 1 Lemon - Juiced
  • Salt and Pepper
  • Fennel Fronds* - for garnish


  1. Clean the mussels and remove the beard. 
  2. Preheat a large pot or Dutch oven over medium heat. 
  3. Add the olive oil, fennel, and onions, and cook until soft and lightly brown, about 10 minutes.
  4. Add the garlic and crushed red pepper and cook for 1-2 more minutes. Stir often to prevent burning. 
  5. Carefully add the mussels to the pot and stir. Add the wine or stock, stir again, and place the lid on the pot. Cook for 8-10 minutes or until the mussels open. 
  6. Turn off the heat and discard any unopened mussels from the pot.
  7. Taste the liquid and season with salt and pepper as needed. Squeeze on the lemon juice and add the fennel fronds and stir to combine. 
  8. Serve and enjoy!  


  • Save the fennel fronds from the bulb to serve as a flavorful garnish. 
  • Buy the mussels on the same day as you plan to cook them or no more than 24 hours before. Clean the mussels as soon as you arrive home. 
  • When cleaning, remove any mussels that are cracked, broken, or open. If opened, slightly press down on the shell. If it does not close, discard it. 
  • Prep ahead, store the cleaned mussels in a colander over a large bowl in the fridge until you're ready to cook. This allows any moisture to drain off the mussels, so they're not sitting in water.
  • Prep Time: 15 minutes
  • Cook Time: 20 minutes
  • Category: Main Dish
  • Method: Sauteed
  • Cuisine: French

Keywords: steamed mussels, how to clean mussels, how to cook steamed mussels